Hyperopia, or farsightedness, is a vision condition in which people can see distant objects well, but have difficulty focusing on objects that are up close. The condition is sometimes referred to as "hypermetropia" rather than hyperopia. As the condition worsens, objects at all distances may be blurry. Farsighted people sometimes have headaches or eye strain and may squint or feel fatigued when performing work at close range. Writing, computer work or drawing for long periods of time may cause eye strain and headache. Those symptoms are usually released with an accurate correction with glasses or contact lenses.
Hyperopia occurs if the eyeball is shorter than normal. This causes light rays to focus behind the retina, rather than directly on it. Far-sightedness primarily affects young children, with a rate of 8% at the age of 6 years. It then becomes more common again after the age of 40, affecting about half of the population.
Hyperopia is a common vision problem and is sometimes mixed up with presbyopia, which also causes near vision problems but for different reasons.
Available treatment options include: